Contemporaries in Silesia
Frederic II, Duke of Legnica-Brzeg 1499-1547
Duke Frederic II (*1480) became governor in Legnica in 1499. He was married to a Polish princess in 1515, and in second marriage to a daughter of Margrave Frederic V of Ansbach-Bayreuth in 1518. In 1521, he inherited Brzeg from his brother George I. When Ferdinand I of Habsburg became King of Bohemia in 1526, he also became Frederic's feudal lord.
Duke Frederic II introduced the Reformation in 1522. He fortified Legnica and Brzeg - the Renaissance gate of the Castle of Brzeg still recalls the event. Frederic helped bring about the peace treaty between the Teutonic Order and Poland in 1525.
Frederic and Joachim II, Elector of Brandenburg signed an inheritance treaty in 1537. However, shortly before he died, he had to withdraw from the treaty under pressure from King Ferdinand I. The Legnica branch of the Piast family died out in 1675, and the House of Habsburg retracted/seizured/confiscated the tenure. When in 1740 Frederic the Great of Prussia invaded Silesia against Maria Theresia of Habsburg, he used the inheritance treaty as pretext, although it was unguilty.
Ducat 1543, Liegnitz. Ø 21 mm, 3,42 g. F.u.S.1354; Friedb.3138.
+FRIDERI·D·G·DVX·SLESI·LEG·BRE // +VERBum·DOMIni·MANET·IN·aETERNum
Thaler 1542, Legnica. Ø 41 mm. F.u.S.1350; Dav.9842.
Obv.: FRIDERI·D·G·DVX·SLESI·LEGENICZ·BRIGEN - effigy with leather cap and coat
Rev.: VERBVM·DOMINI·MANET·IN·ETERNVM·1542 "The word of God remains eternal."
Arms of Legnica-Brzeg (quartered: Silesian eagle / checky field) with helm and crest (eagle & feather fan)
Since 1543, "3 Gröscher" were minted according to the Polish standard.
Unlike Prussian mintages, Silesian coins did not have to keep to a prescribed standard
for weight and fineness.
3 Gröscher 1545, Legnica. Ø 21 mm. F.u.S.1369.
These coins, too, were imitations of the popular 3 Gröscher of Duke Albrecht of Prussia,
compare a Prussian 3 Gröscher 1540
• Friedensburg und Seger : Schlesiens Münzen und Medaillen der neueren Zeit, Breslau 1901.
Reprint 1968, 1976.