|Contemporaries in Bohemia|
Louis II Jagiello, King of Bohemia and Hungary 1516-1526
- nephew of Sigismund I, King of Poland and Brother-in-law of Charles V and Ferdinand I -
Born 1506 in Buda, son von Wladislaw Jagiello, King of Bohemia and Hungary, and nephew of Sigismund I of Poland. Louis was crowned in Hungary in 1508 and in Bohemia in 1509. In 1515 Wladislaw and emperor Maximilian I arranged his marriage with Maximilian's granddaughter Mary. At the same time, Louis's only sister Anne was to marry Maximilian's grandson, who would one day succeed to the Austrian inheritance. The consummation of both marriages was postponed: Louis's and Mary's marriage until 1522, Ferdinand's and Anne's until 1521.
Louis was only ten when he succeeded his father as king of Bohemia and Hungary in 1516. His guardians were his uncle Sigismund I and emperor Maximilian. However, they left the administration to his tutors. After 1521, the queen's influence was greater than that of the irresolute king. Intrigues and personal interests determined the wavering policy of the royal court. In 1526 Louis had to fight off the Turks under Sultan Süleyman, who had already conquered Belgrade in 1521. Louis was not up to the task, in particular since he did not get the expected support from the Hungarians. The battle of Mohács ended with the destruction of his army, and Louis drowned while attempting to escape.
Louis's brother-in-law Ferdinand was elected King of Bohemia in 1526. To gain the Hungarian crown, however, Ferdinand had to fight against Zápolya from Transilvania.
Medal (5 ducats) 1508 conmemoring his coronation. Ř 30 mm, 17,59 g. Coll.Horsky 710 (in silber)
Bust of his father Wladislaw turning left.Rev.: ¤LVDOVICVS¤FILIVS¤Regis¤VNGAriae¤Et¤BOHEMIae¤1508
The two-year-old Louis II is crowned and sits on a show cushion.
Medal 1525, Kremnica (K-B). Ř 46 mm, 47,19 g. Rethy 303.
Obv.: *LVDOVICVS·DEI·GRA·HVNGARIE BOEMIaE·EtCetera·REX
laureated bust of the Kingto the left with collar and order of the Golden Fleece.
Rev: *DVX*LVCENburgi:*SLESIAe*MARchio*MORAVIaE*ET*LVSACIaE: (mm.)
"Duke of Luxemburg and Silesia, Margrave of Moravia and Lusatia"
Crown above the shields Hungary/Bohemia and Habsburg, LM (= Ludovicus et Maria). Surrounding arms:
crowned arms of Croatia, Hungary, Dalmatia (3 crowned panther heads) and Bosnia (arm with sword).
Cast medal 1526 (1532) from Hieronimus Dietrich, unsigned. Ř 40 mm, 24,6 g. Katz 49
"Louis, King of Hungary etc., died in the battle against the Turks"
The king's bust with hat, turning left between ·1·5· - ·Z6 / ETATIS - ·SVE·30·
ETATIS SVE 30 = "in his 30th year"; actually, he died aged twenty.
"Queen Mary etc. Man shall not divide those who God has united."
Bust of his wife Mary turning left, sister of Charles V and Ferdinand I
Silver medal 1526, attributed to Christoph Fuessl. Ř 45 mm, 28,6 g. Donebauer 984
Original strike from 1546 to commemorate the 20th year of his death in the battle of Mohács.
Obv.: LVDOvici:VNGARiae:BOHEmiae:QVE / REGIS·ET·MARIĆ·RE / GINĆ·DVLCISSimaea·COnIV / GIS·AC·PROCEriS / IN·FLANdria
"Louis, who ruled Bohemia and Hungary, and Queen Mary, his beloved wife and ... in Flanders"Rev.: LVDOvicus:HVNGariae:BOEMiae:ZC[etc]·REX / ANnVm:AGENS·XX·IN·TVRCAS / APVD·MOHAZ·CVM·PAR / VA·SVORVM·MANV·PV /GNAnS·HONESTE / OBYT·M·D·XXVI
Busts of Louis II with the Golden Fleece on the chain of orders and his wife Mary, facing each other.
"Louis, King of Bohemia and Hungary, aged twenty, fought the Turks together with a small group
of followers in the battle of Mohács. He died on the field of honour in 1526."
Picture of the Battle of Mohács.
Compare with the
portrait dated 1526 (oil on wood 31x25 cm) from Hans Krell, KHM Vienna,
Stephan Schlick , *1487 †1526
- subject to Louis II, King of Bohemia -
Born 1487 near Karlsbad. Rich silver mines were discovered on Stephan Schlick's lands on the southern slopes of the Ore Mountains. He and his brothers called in mining engineers from Saxony to exploit them. He founded the town St. Joachimsthal (Czech Jáchymov) to settle miners from the Harz mountains, from Saxony, Kuttenberg, the Tyrol, Salzburg, and Bavaria. In 1518 he enacted the "Order of the free and honourable mines of St. Joachimsthal". When he died in 1526, the town had close to 15,000 inhabitants, 29 mines and a mint. "Joachimsthalers" were minted under his sovereignity since 1520. In 1526, he followed King Louis II of Bohemia into the war against the Turks. Like the king, he was killed in the battle of Mohács.
King Ferdinand, Louis's successor, allowed the Schlick family to continue minting. However, they could only act in the name of the king as trustees of the mint. So since 1529 the Schlick family name disappeared from the coins from St. Joachimsthal. More than 2 million "Joachimstalers" were issued within a period of just 8 years, from 1520 to 1528. Thus the abreviation "Taler" became a byword for large coins. The term was still used in the 19th century and also gave the American "Dollar" its name.
Posthumous thaler-like medal, n.d.(about 1532) Ř 41mm, 22,43g.
Habich 1885, Schulten 4380, Katz 33
His brothers probably ordered this commemorative from Hieronymus Magdeburger
in Freiberg (Ore Mountains).
Obv.: +DOMINVS STEPHANVS SLICK COMES DE PASSAVN ET C
"Lord Schlick, count of Bassano"
(crowned mask) ANNO DOMINI M D XXVI ETATIS SVE XXXX
Decorated bust with harness and a broadly brimmed hat.Rev.: :PRO PATRIA PVGNANDO CONTRA TVRCAM OPPETiiT:
"He died for his country fighting against the Turks"
Coat of arms in quarters, with three helmets and a heart shield.
silvered bronze cast, 1526 (H. Daucher, Augsburg?) Ř 60,5 mm, 91,55g. Habich 79 (63 mm)
Obv.: ·LVDOWIG·V·GOottes·GNaden·KOENIG IN VNG·V·BO·A·15Z6
effegy of Louis II, King of Bohemia and Hungary with hat and the Golden Fleece.Rev.: ·HERR·STEFFAN·SCHLICK·GRAF·ZV·BASSAN·HER·ZV WEISKIRCHEN·ELBO·V·SCHLACREN
effegy of count Schlick.
Medal 1533 on Stephan and Lorenz Schlick from Ř 39 mm, 26 g. Katz 180.
Obv.: ※ HER♌ - STEIFFAN♌SCLICK·GRAF·ZV·BA - SSAN
Effigy of Stephan Schlick with hat between ·1·5 - ·33·, (mark of the medalist) behind the bust.Rev.: ※ HER·LORENTZ·SCLICK·GRAF·ZV·BASSAN
Effegy of Lorenz Schlick im Pelzmantel between 1·5· - ·33·, (mark of the medalist) in front of the bust.
Silver medal, n. d., dies from Wolf Milicz. Katz 284 ; Coll. Lanna 1246
Obv.: ¤ HERR ¤ STEFFA – N ¤ SCHLYCK ¤ G - bust of Stephan Schlick