Map of Italy in 1499
Giovanni II Bentivoglio in Bologna 1463-1506
The family of Bentivoglio played a leading role in the history of Bologna.
Giovanni II Bentivoglio became successor of his cousin Sante Bentivoglio as "first citizen" at the top of the city in 1463, being 20 years old. He had no official title, because the city belonged to the Papal State. The "first citizen" required the consent of the legate of the Papal State, in oder to rule domestic affairs of the city. He married Ginevra Sforza, the young widow of his predecessor. He was a clever diplomat with good relations with the mighty persons in Italy. People loved him because the luxury at his court gave many people an income.
However the support for Giovanni's rule in Bologna diminished and Pope Julius II supported by a French army sieged Bologna in 1506. Bentivoglio surrendered to the French commander, who gave him and his family safe escort to Milan. Fearing looting, Bolognas envoys handed over their city to the pope, who, as a victor, was able to enter the town under a purple sky, while the soldiers were repulsed. Bologna remained fully in the power of the Papal States since then. Giovanni II Bentivoglio died in Milan in 1508 in the custody of King Louis XII. Bentivoglios Palace in Bologna was destroyed by the mob in 1507.
Bronce medal 1494 Ø 29 mm, 11,93 g. RM I p.22 n.7; Armand I, 104,1. Hill 606.
On the occasion of the awarding of minting rights by Emperor Maximilian.
Obv.: IOANNES BENTIVO - LVS - II BONONIENSIS
Rev.: ·MA / XIMILIANI· / IMPERATORIS / ·MVNVS· / M·CCCCLXXXX / IIII·
"In the service of emperor Maximilian 1495"
Doppio Ducato, Bologna, after 1494. Ø 27 mm, 6,84 g. CNI IV p.2 n.3; RM I p.19 n.2; Friedb.59.
Dies from goldsmith and painter Francesco Francia.
Obv.: ·IOANNES·BENTIV - OLVS·II·BONONIENSIS
Brustbild mit Barett n. r., Ohr schaut aus den langen Haaren hervor.
Rev.: MAXIMILIANI - IMPERAtoris·MVNVS
Shield with four fields (imperial eagle / Bentivoglios coat of arms), crowned helmet and eagle.
Ducato, Bologna, after 1494. Ø 22 mm, 3,42 g. CNI IV p.2 n.3; RM I p.20 n.2; Friedb.60.
IOANNES·BENTIVOLVS·II·BONONIEN: // ·MAXIMIL - IANI·MVNVS·
• Bollettino di Numismatica on-line No.13: La zecca di Bologna III: 1464-1506 : Stato della Chiesa -
Signoria dei Bentivoglio.
• Corpus Nummorum Italicorum [CNI], vol. IV (Bentivoglio -> Antignate). - Indice vol. IV
• Ravegnani Morosini, M. [RM]: Signorie e principati - monete italiane con ritratto, 1450-1796. Vol.1, 1984
• Varesi, Alberto [MIR]: Monete Italiane Regionali (MIR-3) - Emilia. Ed. Varesi, 1996.