Imperial city of Nordhausen
Nordhausen, located in the north of Thuringia, started as a royal castle in the ninth century. In 961, Mathilde, wife of King Henry I, founded a convent. In 1180, Duke Henry the Lion destroyed the town when he was toppled from power. Emperor Barbarossa reconstructed the town and appointed a royal bailiff. Nordhausen repeatedly paid ransom to be released from its bailiffs, for the last time in 1715, when the town paid 50 000 talers for liberty. In 1815, after the Vienna Congress, Nordhausen eventually fell to Prussia.
In the Middle Ages, both the convent and an imperial mint isued coins. Later, the dukes of Saxony as imperial bailiffs owned the mint right. Although no formal mint right seems to have been granted to the town, they started a mint in 1556, as Duke William had already permitted to mint pennies against payment of a royalty in 1448.
Thaler 1556, Nordhausen. Ø 40mm, ca. 28 g. Lej.1b; Schulten 2401; Dav.9598.
"New silver money from imperial city of Nordhausen" eagle in small arms, big helmet on top.
Rev.: D·G·CARLVS·V·ROM·IMP·SEM·AVGVSTVS (mm. clover)
"by the grace of God, Charles V, Roman emperor, ever august"
crowned emperor in nearly frontal view, in armour, with sceptre, orb and Order of the Golden Fleece
on the breast, effigy between the date numbers 5 - 6.
The coin was issued by a city, as shown on the obverse. The emperors effigy (only) decorates the revers.
Lejeune, E., Die neueren Münzen und Medaillen der Reichstadt Nordhausen. Blätter für Münzfreunde, 1910.