Contemporaries in Poland
Cast bronze medal 1527 by Jobst Freudner (goldsmith and seal engraver at the court of Duke Albrecht in Königsberg) using a draft from Hans Schwarz (Nuremberg).
Ø 81 mm, 207 g. Habich 265; J.D.Köhler II 265.
Obv.: Dominus SIGISmundus I Rex Pius Pater Patriae EFfigatur AD VIVAM IMAGInem AETAtis Anno 60
"Lord Sigismund I, King, the benevolent father of the fatherland, depicted after the living portrait in his 60th year" - bust to the right, in a cloak with a wire hood and the Order of the Golden Fleece.
Rev.: POtentissimus VTRIVSQue SARmatiae REX MAZOviae DVX RVSSiae ET PRVSiae Dominus ANno 1527 "The most powerful King of both Sarmatia, Duke in Masovia, Lord in Russia and Prussia, in 1527"
Crowned shield with the Polish eagle surrounded by the coats of arms of Lithuania, Austria,
Prussia & Red Ruthenia.
uniface silver medal (1528) by Matthes Gebel, Nürnberg. Ø 26,5 mm, 8,60 g.
Gumowski, Medaillen pl.XIV,63; Habich 988 var.
SIgiSMVNDVS·DEI·GRACIA·REX·POLONIaE - bust to the right.
Sigismund received in 1519 the Order of the Golden Fleece awarded by the Order in Barcelona
chaired by Charles V.
See also the specimen in the coin cabinet, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden
Trojak 1528, Kraków. Ø 29 mm, 6,04 g (375 fineness). Gum.493; Kopicki 437.
Obv.: SIGISMVNDVS·PRIM·REX·POLONIE✿ - bust with crown and armour.
Rev.: MONETA¤REGNI¤POLONIE¤15Z2¤ - crowned Polish eagle.
Trojak (Polish vor "threesome") ist die Polish name for the "3 Groschen" in German.
This type of coin was introduced in Poland in 1528 as part of the ongoing reform since 1526.
3 Gröscher 1530, Toruń (Thorn), for Prussia, royal Polish West Prussia.
Ø 20 mm, 2,5 g (875‰ fineness). Gumowski 534, Neumann 73, Schulten 2801.Obv.: ¤SIGIS¤I¤REX¤POLOniae¤DOminus¤TOCtIus¤PRVSSiae ".., Sovereign of all Prussia"
Rev.: ¤III¤ / GROSSVS / ARGENTE / TRIPLEX / PRVSSIE / ¤1530¤
Ducat 1531, Kraków. Ø 21 mm, 3,41 g. Gum.(1914) 582a; Gum.500; Kopicki(1995) 448; Friedb.70.
Obv.: SIGIS◦I◦ - REX◦POL - crowned bust in armor to the right.
Collector's mark by nobleman Andrzej Potocki (coat of arms of the Potockis: cross with 2½ bars).
Exergue: Renaissance dragons and date .I53I.
Rev.: ⁕IVSTVS∗VT∗PALMA∗FLOREBIT "The righteous shall flourish like the palm ..." (psalm 92:12)
crowned shield between C - N (Cracovia - Nicholas Szydłowiecki, treasurer of the Crown).
In 1528, the Ducat was worth 45 Polish Groschen, i.e. a silver-to-gold ratio of 1:10.
10 ducats 1533, Torun. Ø 37,8 mm, 35,15 g. Gumowski 496.
off-metal strike from the dies for the first polish thaler (Dav.8418).
Obv.: SIGISM· - ·Primus·REX·PO - LONIE·Magnus· - ·Dux·LITHVaniae - &:1533
crowned bust of Sigismund I in armor to the right, surrounded by foliage wreath,
legend interrupted by coats of arms of Poland, Lithuania (horseman), Prussia (eagle), Russia and Austria.
Rev.: SIG:AVG: - SECVND - :FILIVS: - REX·PO - LON:&C - crowned bust of his son Sigismund August in armor to the right, around wreath of leaves, the legend with the same coat of arms, but Milan instead of Austria as maternal arms.
Ducat 1534, Kraków. Ø 21 mm, 3,49 g. Gumowski 504; Kopicki 453; Friedb.70.
ᕈ (sickle) = mark for mintmaster and leaseholder Jost Ludwig Decius.
Legend and quartered shield like the previous ducat 1531.
C-S stands for the Cracowian mint and the treasurer Spytak Tarnowski.
This typ of ducats was minted 1532-1548.
Groschen (groszy) 1534, Toruń, for Prussia. Ø 24 mm, 1,9 g. Gumowski 530.
Obv.: ¤SIGIS¤I¤REX¤PO¤DO¤TOCI¤PRVSSIE ".., Sovereign of all Prussia"
"Groschen, common to all Prussian territory"
Groschen 1534, Gdansk. Ø 22 mm. Gumowski 561, Schulten 675.
Obv.: ✿GROSSVS¤CIVItatis¤DANC3¤1534 - coat of arms of Gdansk.
6 Groschen 1535, Torun, for Prussia. Ø 28 mm. Gumowski 540, Kopicki 3105.
Shild with value VI, between T - I ("Thorunae Incusus" = coined in Torun).
Compare with the parallel coinage 6 Gröscher 1535, Königsberg for the dukedom in East-Prussia.
6-Gröscher 1535, Gdansk. Ø 28 mm, 5,36 g. Gumowski 575; D/S 74; Kopicki 7338var.
Two lions hold the arms of Gdansk, in between "D", on top the value "VI".
"... King of Poland, Sovereign of all Prussia" - crowned bust in armor.
Gdansk issued this coin. Therefore, the obvers bears the coat of arms of the city.
Ducat 1546, Gdansk. Ø ca.21 mm, ca.3,50 g. Gumowski 578; Kopicki 7343?; Friedb.1
Obv.: ✱MONE·NO·AVR·CIVI·GEDANENS - Two lions hold the arms of Gdansk.
Rev.: ✶SIGIS·I·REX·POLO·DO·PRVSS·1546 - crowned bust in armor.
Bronze medal 1532 on Bona Sforza, wife of King Sigismund I the Old.
Medal by Giovanni Maria Mosca, called Patavinus/Padovanus, †1573.
Ø 64 mm. Börner 915; Armand I, 140,2; E.Raczynski p.43 no.11.
Obv.: ·BONA SFORTIA·REGINA POLONIAE·INCLYTISSIMA·ANNO XXXII NATAli·ANO VERO Domini·NostRI·M·DXXXII "Bona Sforza, illustrious Polish Queen, at the age of 32, in 1532 to our Lord"
Bust in very high relief half right, head right, plugged with ornate hair and adorned with rich jewels.
Rev.: Image of an artichoke plant with roots, stems, leaves and three inflorescences,
in which a banner with the inscription wound:
aeTATIS EST AF FERT "The season has come, it bears (fruit)"
Around the signature: IO - HANNES MARIA PATAVINVS FECIT
Bona Sforza (1494-1557) was the youngest daughter of Gian Galeazzo Sforza of Milan. She married King Sigismund in 1518. Her courtyard brought the renaissance to Poland. She was a very active queen.
Cast silver medal 1546 on Bona Sforza, Ø 42-43 mm, 53,54 g. see E.Raczynski S.48 Nr.13a,
unsigned, most likely by Giovanni Giacomo Caraglio, who came to the Polish court in 1539.
Obv.: BONA SFORCIA·REGINA·POLONIAE·INCLITISSIMA·ETA·ANNO XLVI
"Bona Sforza, the most illustrious Queen of Poland, 46 years old"
Rev.: ANNO VERO·DOMINI·SALVATORIS - NOSTRI·IESV CHRISTI·M·D·XLVI
"In the year of our Savior Jesus Christ 1546"
Bona Sforza, born in 1494, was 38 (not 32) years old in 1532 and 52 (not 46) years old in 1546.
Cast lead medal 1532 on Sigismund II Augustus, son of Sigismund I the Old.
Medal by Giovanni Maria Mosca, called Patavinus/Padovanus, †1573. Ø 66 mm.
Specimen of the Samuel Kress Collection, Kress 412; Armand I,140,3; E.Raczynski p.35 no.9bis.
Obv.: Dominus SIGISMVnDVS II REX POLONIE AnnO REGNI NostRI III AETATIS XIII ANNO Domini MDXXXII "Sigismund II, King of Poland, in the 3rd year of reign, at the age of 13,
in the year of the Lord 1532" - Bust to the left, wide hat with feather, necklace.
Rev.: PARCERE SVBIECTIS ET DEBELLARE SVPERBOS / IVSTVS SICVT LEO
"(Romans, remember:) Forgive the wavering and defeat the arrogants [Vergil] / Just like a lion"
Lion walks to the left, below the signature: IOHANNES MARIA PATAVINVS Fecit.
Sigismund II Augustus, born 1520, King of Poland since 1530, successor and sole ruler since 1548.