James V, King of Scotland 1513-1542
Mary Stuart, Queen of Scotland 1542-1567
Groat n. d. (1484-88). ō 25 mm, 2,94 g. SCBC 5289.
Obv.: IΛᗭOBVS⦂DIᗺ⦂GRΛᗭIΛ⦂RᗺX⦂ᗭOTRV (ᗭOTRV = scotorum)
Crowned three-quarter facing bust; annulet on border to right.
Rev.: +DnS - PROTᗭ - ORᙏᗺT - ᗭTRΛO / +VILL - Λ ᗺD - ⦂In⦂B - VRGI
"God is my Defender and my Redeemer / Villa of Edinburgh"
Long cross pattťe; crowns in second and third quarters, pellets and annulets in first and fourth.
This is the first coin minted outside of Italy to bear a realistic, renaissance style portrait.
Groat n. d., 2nd coinage 1526-39. ō 25 mm, 2,61 g. SCBC 5376.
Obv.: +IACOBVS⦂5⦂DEI⦂GRA⦂REX⦂SCOTOR - Crowned bust to the right.
Rev.: ⦂VILL - A⦂ED - INBR - VGh X - Scottish coat of arms on long cross.
Edinburgh is referred to here as a villa, otherwise as an oppidum (latin for fixed place) like on next coin.
Groat n. d., 2nd coinage 1526-39. ō 24 mm, 2,76 g. SCBC 5378.
Obv.: +IACOBVS ... SCOTORV - Crowned bust to the right.
Rev.: ⁖OPPI - DV⁖E - DINB - VRGI - Scottish coat of arms on long cross.
Ducat 1540, 3rd coinage 1539-42. ō 22 mm, 5,84 g. SCBC 5373; Friedb.25.
Obv.: IACOBVS∑5∑DEI∑GRA∑R∑SCOTOR∑1540 - Bust to the right, ringlet behind the neck.
Rev.: + HONOR∑REGIS∑IVDICIVM∑DILIGIT "The king's honor loves justice"
Crowned Scottish coat of arms on floral cross.
The ducats of James V are the first dated coinage of Scotland.
2/3 Ducat 1540, Edinburgh. ō 20 mm, 3,69 g. SCBC 5374; Friedb.26.
Obv.: ⚜IACOBVS∑D∑G∑R∑SCOTORVM∑1∑5∑40 - Bearded bust right, wearing bonnet. Mm: ⚜ (lis).
Rev.: +HONOR∑REGIS∑IVDICIVM∑DILIGIT - Crowned Scottish coat between I - 5.
Testoon 1553, type I, first period (1542-58). ō ? mm, 4,84 g. Spink 5481.
Obv.: ✱∑MARIA∑DEI∑GRAcia∑Regina∑SCOTORVM - Crowned bust to the right.
Rev.: +∑DA∑PACEM∑DOMINE∑1553∑ "Give us peace, O Lord"
Crowned coat of arms of Scotland between ✱ - ✱.
3 Pounds 1555, Edinburgh (= 60 Shillings). ō 28 mm, 7,67 g. Spink 5397; Friedb.33.
Obv.: ∑MARIA∑DEI∑G∑SCOTOR:REGINA∑ - Bust left with pearls in her hair and around her neck.
Rev.: ∑IVSTVS∑FIDE∑VIVIT∑1555∑ "The righteous live by faith"
Crowned coat of arms of Scotland.
Compare the portrait of the 13-year-old Queen, painted in 1555 by FranÁoise Clouet, court painter in Paris.
Ducat of 60 Shilling 1558 (2nd periode). ō 30 mm, 7,63 g. Spink 5399, Friedb.35.
Obv.: FRAN∑ET∑MA∑D∑G∑Rex∑Regina∑SCOTOR∑DELPHIN∑VIEN - Francis and Mary face to face.
Rev.: ∑HORVM∑TVTA∑FIDES∑1558∑ "Belief in them is everything".
French silver medal 1558. Re-coinage 19th century, ō 52 mm. Eimer 40.
(without signature of G. Martin) on the wedding of the Dauphin Francois with Mary Stuart.
Obv. as before.
Rev. ∑FECIT∑VTRAQVE∑VNVM∑1558 "He made one of the two"
The French Hereditary Prince (Dauphin) is represented in the shield by dolphins and three lilies.
Scottish Testoon 1561. ō 28 mm, 6,20 g. Spink 5422.
Obv.: ∑MARIA∑DEI∑GRA∑SCOTORVM∑REGINA∑ 1561 - Bust to the left.
Rev.: SALVVM∑FAC∑POPVLVM∑TVVM∑DOMINE∑ "Save your people, Lord"
Crowned coat of arms France / Scotland between two crowned M.
Mary Stuart returned to Scotland as a widow in 1561.
Uniface medal o. J. (1572-78). ō 66 mm. Kress 543; KŲhler Belust. vol.5 p.233.
MARIA STOVVAR REGIna SCOTIae ANGLIae
On the back: IAcobus PRIMAVEra (Italian medalist, active 1568-85)
The claim to the title "Queen of England" cost her her head.