contribution from Herman Blanton
Philip I the Handsome, King of Castile 1504-6.
Philip was the first born (1478) of Maximilian of Austria and Mary of Burgundy. Upon the death of his mother in 1482, when Philip was but four years old, he inherited the title of Duke of Burgundy, albeit under the trusteeship of his father until Philip reached the age of 16. In 1496 Maximilian arranged for the marriage between Philip and Joanna, the daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain. There was no intention on the part of Ferdinand and Isabella to convey the thrones of either Castile or Aragon to the house of Austria, for Joanna was third in line of succession. However, through a series of familial misfortunes for the Catholic Monarchs, this is precisely what happened. When Isabella died in 1504, the Castilian crown went to Joanna, as the governors would not pass the crown of Castile to Ferdinand, since he was not Castilian. As the husband of Queen Joanna, Philip is considered King of Castile by his heirs, the first Habsburg king of Spain. Philip died in 1506, leaving Joanna to a secluded life. Much is written about "Joanna the Mad," for those interested in reading it. Philip's greatest claim to fame is as the father of Charles V.
undated original cast silver medal, Ø 50 mm, 58,05 g. Habich I,1,103 (Ø 55mm)
Obv.: PHILIPVS D G REX CASTELIE EC3 ARCHI DVX AVS ECT ¤
Nearly full front bust to left, wearing hat and the collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece.Rev.: VIRTVTE· – ET·CONSTANCIA
Fortuna holding sail and riding globe upon the sea.
My thanks to Lutz Neumann Lysloff for his generous assistance.
This contibution was first published in NI Bulletin, August 2007, a Publication of Numismatics International.
Look at the painting about 1500 34x23 cm from an anonymous Dutch artist,