Kingdoms of Naples and Sicily
In 1516, Charles V inherited Naples and Sicily from his grandfather Fernando de Aragón. Charles installed viceroys and visited his possessions in southern Italy only once, in 1535, when he returned triumphantly from defeating the pirate Khayr Ad-Din Barbarossa in Tunis. The people had suffered from the pillaging and when Charles landed at Trapani at the western end of Sicily in August 1535, he expected to be celebrated as a Caesar. He also wanted to get to know his country. He travelled via Monreale, Palermo, Taormina, Messina to Naples, where he spent Christmas. In the spring of 1536, he proceeded to Rome, where he delivered his famous Easter address to cardinals, diplomats and Pope Paul III.
Ducato, n. d., Naples. Ø 22 mm, 3,50 g. Pannuti-Riccio 4; Friedberg 833a.
Obv.: +CAROLVS RO - MANORum REX "Charles, Roman King"
Rev.: Rex◦ARAGOniae◦VTRIVSQue◦SIciliae◦ET "King of Aragón and both Sicilies"
quartered shield: Castile/León, Aragón(vertical stripes)/Naples and Aragón/Sicily (two diagonals
separate two eagles from vertical stripes). At the bottom the pomegranate for Granada.
On top of the shield: the crowned imperial double eagle with the Austrian band shield.
Rev.: quartered shield: Castile/León, Aragón (vertical stripes)/Naples and Aragón/Sicily (two diagonals separate two eagles from vertical stripes). At the bottom the pomegranate for Granada; at the top right the cross of Jerusalem and horizontal stripes for Hungary. (Jerusalem and Hungary were not ruled by Charles V but by Sultan Süleyman and Charles's brother Ferdinand respectivly.) On top of the shield: the crowned imperial double eagle with the Austrian band shield.
Carlino, n.d., Naples. Ø 26 mm, 3,52 g. CNI XIX p.348 n.552; MIR 144/1.
Obv.: +CAROLVS⦂DI⦂FA⦂CLE⦂IMPE "Charles, elected imperator in Frankfort"
Crowned bust with young beardless face with accented mandible to the right, in the field: G.
Rev.: R◦ARAGO⦂VTRIVSQ◦SI◦ET - Coat of arms as before and below.
Carlino, n. d., Naples. Ø 26 mm, 3,55 g. CNI p.347, n.545-549; Pannuti-Riccio 26.
Obv.: + CAROLVS ⦂ ROMANOR◦REX "Charles, Roman king"
A double struck produced misalignments at "⦂ R" and at the inner circle in front of the face.
Crowned bust with young beardless face and long hair.
In the field behind: G (mintmaster Marcello Gazzella).
Rev.: R ARAGO VTRISQ SI ET largely unreadable because of the double strike.
Coat of arms, similar as before.
Carlino, n. d., Naples. Ø 23 mm, 3,13 g. CNI XIX p.359 n.653ff.
Obv.: CAROLVS IIIII ROManorum IMPerator "Charles V, Roman Emperor"
laureated head, to the left monogram IBR (Juan Bautista Rabaschiero).
Rev.: REX ARAGOniae VTRIVSque SICiliae "King of Aragon and both Sicilies"
Order of the Golden Fleece in the form of a sheepskin.
Mezzo carlino, n. d., Naples. Ø 20 mm, 1,47 g. CNI p.368, n.726.
Obv.: ·CAROLVS·V·ROM·I - MP· - laureated head, below A (mintmaster Girolamo Albertino)
Rev.: ·NON·ALITER·VIRTVS - firesteels in the shape of the letter B, three flints and many sparks.
2 Cavalli, n. d., Naples. copper, Ø 20 mm, 3,13 g. Pannuti-Riccio 45a
Obv.: CaROLVS V ROManorum IMPErator· - bearded bust to the right.
Rev.: ::REX·ARAGONIae·VTRIVsque·Rex·SIciliae - Crown.
Testone, n. d., Naples. Ø 27 mm. CNI XIX, p.333, n.414 var.
with five crowns distributed over the coin
CAROLVS:IIIII:RO:IM // Rex:HISPAN:VT - RIVS:SICILA
Rev.: crowned arms between the wings and the tail of a threefold crowned double eagle.
Top left: Castile/León. Top right: Aragón, Navarra (5 circles) and Naples.
(The sixth dot in Navarra's coat is a 'central dot' and does not belong to the coat.)
Bottom left: Austria (band), New-Burgundy (fleur-de-lis), Old-Burgundy (inclined stripes), Brabant (lion).
Bottom right: Jerusalem (cross) und Old-Hungary (horizontal stripes).
At the bottom of the shield: a pomegranate for Granada, better to be seen on the next coin.
Mezzo ducato d'argento, n. d., Naples. Ø 33 mm, 14,83 g.
CNI XIX p.328 n.373; Pannuti-Riccio 15.
Obv.: CAROLVS·V·ROMANO·IMP laureated bust and monogram IBR.
Rev.: ··R·ARAGO·VTRIVS·SI·· crowned double eagle holds crowned shield.
Ducato, n. d., Naples. Ø 22 mm, 3,40 g. Pannuti-Riccio 9; Friedb.834.
CAROLVS·IIIII·ROM IMP· - // R·ARAGO - VTRIVS·S
Doppia, n. d., Naples. (double scudo) Ø 27mm, 6,71 g. Pannuti-Riccio 5a; Friedb.831.
CAROLVS·V·ROM·IMPE· // MAGNA·OPERA·DOMNI· "Marvellous are the works of the Lord"
Rev.: a woman (Peace?) walking left, holding a cornucopiae and setting alight a book and a pile of arms.
Mezzo trionfo d’oro, n. d., Messina. Ø 18 mm, 1,72 g. Spahr p.119, n.4.
Charles's beardless (i.e. youthful) bust.
+ ◦CAROLVS ◦ IMPE • // • REX : SICILIE •
4 Tari, 1555, Messina. Ø 32 mm, ca.11 g. Spahr 164 var.
Obv.: •+•CAROLVS•V•IMPERATOR• - crowned bust with beard, below the value 4.
Rev.: +•D•G•REX•SICILIAE•I555• - crowned eagle towards right, between mint marks C - M,
minted with several hammer blows. Misalignments arose on both sides and at several places,
mainly visible at the inner circle of pearls.
2 Tari, 1555, Messina. Ø 26mm, 5,74g. Spahr p.142, no.252.
Obv.: +•CAROLVS•IMPERATOR• - crowned bust with beard.
The 'central dot' under the ear is obviously not part of the picture.
Rev.: +REX+SICILIAE+1555+ - crowned Sicilian eagle between C - M
This eagle resembles the eagle which Emperor Frederic II of Hohenstaufen used on his famous Augustalis.
Tari o.J. (about 1520), Messina. Ø ca.20 mm, 2,91 g. Spahr 19.
Obv: +CAROLVS IMPERAT?R - young crowned effigy.
Rev.: •D•G•REX•SICILI - crownes eagle between B - N (Bartolomeo Lo Nobile)
Note the misalignement on both sides, clearly visible at the inner circles of dots.
1/2 Tari, Messina. Ø 16 mm, ca. 1,3 g. Spahr 95.
:CAROLVS:IMPE // :REX:SICILIE: crownwd eagle between mark J - P.
• Pannuti - Riccio: Le Monete di Napoli - dalla caduta dell'impero Romano alla chiusura della zecca.
• R. Spahr: Le Monete Siciliane dagli Aragonesi ai Borboni (1282-1836). Palermo 1959, Basel-Graz 1982.
• CNI (Corpus Nummorum Italicorum), vol.XIX (Napoli, Parte I). 1940. (Index vol.XIX)