Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, 1493-1519
Maximilian was born in 1459, in 1477 he married Mary, heiress of Burgundy, and in 1493 he succeeded his father Frederic III to the throne of the Holy Roman Empire. In 1508, in Trieste, he adopted the title "Roman Emperor Elect" as the Venetians prevented him from travelling on to Rome.
Two double weddings arranged for political reasons helped establish the renown of the House of Habsburg. In 1496 his son Philip the Handsome married Joanna of Castile, and in 1515 his grandson Ferdinand married Anna of Hungary. His daughter's marriage to Joanna's brother was childless as was his granddaughter's marriage to Anna's brother Louis of Hungary.
Maximilian was popular and lovingly called "the Last Knight". His domestic achievements were in particular the proclamation of the "Everlasting Peace" and the establishment of the "Imperial Judicial Court" and the "Imperial Districts". The Emperor, always in need of money, had been promised taxes by the estates of the realm but never received them. Luckily, his cousin Sigismund conceded him possession of the Tyrol, which was extremely rich in silver and yielded a much higher revenue than the taxes would have earned him.
In his Austrian lands, Maximilian modelled domestic reforms on the Burgundy way of administration, which he was prevented from doing in the empire. He was interested in literature and the arts and had his own deeds written up and glorified in the book "Weisskunig", an autobiographical novel started around 1516.
Bronze medal n. d. (1508 or a bit later). ō 37,8 mm. Habich I,2, p.XLVI, no.39.
Obv.: IMPERATOR CAESAR MAXIMILIA∑AVG∑F∑ - Bust with beret and long hair to the left.
Rev.: CaESARIS - IMPERIVM - Eagle with outstretched wings on globe.
The unknown medalist could be an Italian or a German.
The reverse shows the antique roman coin image of consecratio with the imperial eagle.
The legend CAESARIS IMPERIVM refers to his proclamation as Emperor in Trient on February 4, 1508.
1/4 Guldiner n. d. (1506), Hall. ō 28 mm, 7,66 g. Egg p.126, no.1; M./T. -, cf.p.35.
Dies from Gian Marco Cavalli.
Obv.: MAXIMILIANVS∑ROMANORum REX (ET)C (ET) ligated.
Bust with beret and long hair to the left.
Rev.: ∑MONETA∑NOVA∑COMITATisį∑TIROLIS - crowned eagle, arms of Austria on the breast.
1/4 Guldiner n. d.(after 1511), Hall. ō 27 mm, 7,28 g. Egg p.126 No.3; M./T. 73.
Engraver: Ulrich Ursentaler, Hall.
Renaissance-Bust of Maximilian with uncombed hair, crown and unpretentious armour.
Crowned double eagle with the arms of Austria and Burgundy on the breast.
Ducat 1516, St. Veit. ō 21mm 3,5g. Egg p.192 No.4 ; Schulten 3961.
Obv.: ∑ MAXIMILIA ∑ IM ∑ CA ∑ PIVVS ∑
Crowned bust with necklace from the Order of the Golden Fleece.Rev.: § DVCATVS + CARENTANVS + 1516
Shield : Carinthia, Austria, Styria and Carniola.
Double Schauguldiner 1505, Hall. Dies from Benedikt Burkhart. ō 44 mm, 47,96 g.
Egg p.150, no.2; M./T. 78; Voglh.13var.
Obv.: + MAXIMILIAИVS✿DEI✿GRA✿ - ROMANOR✿REX✿SEMPER✿AVGVSTVS✿
Crowned effigy in armor to the left, scepter in his left hand, sword hilt in his right hand.
Rev.: + XPIA∑>∑REGNOR∑REX∑HERS QZ ARCHIDVX∑AVSTRE∑PLVRIMAR∑QZ ∑EVROP∑PROVICIAR∑PNS∑DVX∑ET∑D9
Christianitatis caeterorumque regnorum rex heresque archidux austriae plurimarumque
europae provinciarum princeps dux et dominus.
"The Hereditary King of Christian as well as other Realms, Archduke of Austra and of very many lands Prince, Duke and Lord".
Crowned shield with the imperial eagle, surrounded by the Order of the Golden Fleece necklace; on top gothic ornaments and the date ∑1∑5∑ - ∑0∑5∑; to both sides the crowned arms of Old Hungary and Austria; below the smaler arms of Old-Burgundy and Habsburg.
The reverse is still designed under gothic influence. The obverse is already a nice work of the beginning Renaissance. The masterful portrait in high relief and the incident to let the bent left arm extend into the legend, testify the great skill of Benedict Burkhart.
Schauguldiner n. d. (1515), Hall, from Ulrich Ursenthaler. ō 38 mm, 28,51 g.
Egg S.154, Nr.9; M./T. -; Voglh.14.
The legends are located on a dished edge sloping inward.
Armored bust with Archducal Hat to the right.
"King of most of the countries of Europe and mightiest prince"
Field completely filled with medieval design: The Emperor rides with a sword in his right hand; before him a servant with lance; under the horse a fallen warrior with sword and halberd; below the arms of Hungary, Burgundy, Habsburg and Austria; top left an angel with the imperial shield.
High relief demonstration coins with edges inclined inwards was a speciality of the mint of Hall.
These pieces were produced using precast planchets.
They were partly delivered gold-plated, as in our example.
Wedding Guldiner, "1479" (1517), Antwerp. ō 42 mm, 30,69 g. Egg p.158 No.18; Voglh.6.
Engraver: Ulrich Ursentaler, Hall.
Obv.: § MAXIMILIAN9us∑MAGNANIM9us∑ARCHIDVX∑AVSTRIE∑BVRGVNDia
Maximilian with garland between ETA - TIS 19 ("age of 19"), rosette.Rev.: § MARIA∑KAROLI∑FILIA∑HERES∑BVRGVND∑BRAB∑CONIVGES
(The rosette was punched on the die before it was send from Hall to Antwerp.)
Bust of Mary between ETAT - IS Z0 ("age of 20"), date 1479 underneath.
Wedding Guldiner, "1479" (after 1511), Hall. ō 44 mm, 30,88 g. Egg p.158 No.17; M./T.84.
Engraver: Ulrich Ursentaler, Hall
Obv.: + MAXIMILIAN9us MAGNANIM9us ARCHIDVX AVSTRIE BURGVNDia
bust of Maximilian with garland between ETA - TIS 19 / 14 - 79.Rev.: + MARIA∑KAROLI∑FILIA∑HERES∑BVRGVND∑BRAB:CONIVGES
Bust of Mary between ETA - TIS Z0 ("age of 20").
Kaiserguldiner, n.d. (1517), Antwerp. ō 43 mm, 30,39 g. Egg p.120, No.8; Vogelh.12
Obv.: § MAXIMILIAИVS : ROMAИORum : IMPERATOR : SEMPer : AVGV9stus
Crowned bust with armour, sceptre and sword, rosette next to the sword.Rev.: § PLVRIVMQue : EVROPaEarum ∑ ProVIИCIARum ∑ REX ∑ ET ∑ PRIИCEPS ∑ POTeИtissimus
"King of most of Europe's countries and mightiest prince" - crowned arms with double eagle surrounded by the shields of Hungary, Burgundy, Habsburg and Austria (from left to right).
Sechser, o. J., Hall. ō 23 mm, ca. 3 g. Egg S.132, B.3
Obv.: +MONETA∑ARCHIDVCIS:AVSTRIE in gothic letters.
Effigy in armor with archducal hat, scepter in his right hand and left hand on the hilt.
Rev.: +AC∑CO - MITA - TVS∑TI - ROLIS
Coat of arms of Tirol (eagle), Hungary (crowned), Austria and Burgundy.
More pieces with Maximilians effigy: