Imperial city of Lübeck
Lübeck (lat. Lubeca), an imperial city since 1226, became a leading member of the Hansa. Its law system was used by many other cities on the Baltic Sea.
The coinage of thalers began in 1502 and lasted until 1776. The first thalers show the patron St. John on the reverse. Between 1528 and 1546 the city replaced the patron by the emperor on their thalers.
Guldiner of 1528. Ø 42 mm; fineness: 0,9375; 29,42 g. Behrens 81; Dav.9395.
a "silver gulden" equivalent to a gulden in gold, issued in accordance with the imperial mint order of 1524.
Obv.: (lily) IMPERIALIS (lily) CIVITATIS (lily) LVBICENSIS (lily) INSIGNE 15Z8
The lily between the words is Statius Wessel's mint master mark.
city's coat of arms (double eagle with shield on the breast).
Rev.: (lily) CAROLVS (lily) QUINTVS (lily) ROMANORUM (lily) IMPERAT.
Effigy of the young emperor with open mouth, hat, coat and the Golden Fleece on the breast.
This is the oldest thaler with the effigy of Charles V.
uniface cast medal in lead 1521 from Hans Schwarz, Ø 72,5mm, Bernhart 16.
∞ EFFIGIES KAROLI QUINTI ∞ ·M·D·X·X·I· ·HS· (monogram Hans Schwarz).
Thaler 1537 (1st "Brömsethaler"). Silver-Galvano, Ø 39 mm, 29,41 g.
Behrens 88; Coll.Dummler 149; Dav.9397.
Obv.: (1) IMPERIALIS (1) CIVITATIS (2) LVBIC 37
in the field: city's coat of arms (double eagle with shield on the breast)Rev.: (1) CAROLVS (2) QVINTVS (2) CESAR·SEmPer·AuGustus
Emperors bust with cap, coat and order of the Golden Fleece.
two marks in the legend: (1) = horse-fly = mark of Nikolaus Brömse
and (2) = leaf = mark of mint master Jürgen Bockhold.
uniface medal 1530 of Friedrich Hagenauer. Habich, Deutschen Schaumünzen, p.84, no.558.
* CAROLI V DEI GRA ROMANORVM IMP SEMPER AVGVST · ANNO ETATIS XXX ·
Thaler 1537 (3rd "Brömsethaler"). Ø 42 mm, 28,5 g. Behrens 90a ; Dav.9398
Obv.: (a) MONETA·CESAREÆ·CIVITATIS (b) LVBECÆ (a) 15-37
"Money from imperial city of Lübeck".Rev.: + IMPerator:CAROLVS·V:CESARVS:NVLLI·SECVnDVS·
The first mark in the legend (a: leaf) refers to the mint master J. Bockholt and
the second mark (b: horse-fly) refers to the mayor Nikolaus Brömse.
A knight holds the imperial shield (double eagle)
"Emperor Charles V, a ceasar second to none"
Emperor's bust with cap, coat and order of the Golden Fleece.
Compare an crude imitation with a flower in the place of the horse-fly mark.
Taler 1537 (2nd Brömsethaler). Ø 41 mm, 28,78 g.
Behrens 89; Coll.Dummler 150; Dav.9398(Obv.)/9400(Rev.)
Obs. as before // Rev. like next thaler.
Thaler 1544. Ø 41 mm; 0,903 fine; 28,7 g. Behrens 91; Coll.Dummler 156; Dav.9400.
Obv.: (a) MONETA·CESAREÆ·CIVITATIS (b) LVBECÆ
mark (a) refers to the mint master J. Bockhold , mark (b) refers to the mayor Gotthard von HövelnRev.: + IMP:CAROLVS·V:CESARVS:NVLLI·SECVnDVs
St. John with lamb, book and cross-flag behind imperial shield (double eagle); dividing date 15-44
Emperor' bust with cap, coat, Golden Fleece and hands.