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      Italian contemporaries      

This old page has been enlarged and redistributed between new pages as follows:

Pope Clement VII (Giulio de Medici), 1523-1534
Pope Paul III (Alessandro Farnese), 1534-1549

Alessandro de Medici, Duke of Florence 1531-36

Ottavio Farnese, Duke of Parma and Piacenza 1547-1586

Francesco II Sforza, Duke of Milan 1521-1535

Andrea Doria (1468-1560)

Three sovereigns from the House of Gonzaga:
Francesco II Gonzaga, Margrave of Mantua 1484-1519
Federico II Gonzaga, 1519-1540 Margrave, since 1530 Duke of Mantua
Ferrante I Gonzaga, 1539-1557 Count of Guastalla